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What is Forex Trading?

forextime mt5 mobileForex trading refers to the exchange of one currency with another in at least two opposing sequences in order to profit from the change in the rate of exchange between both currencies.
When we say opposing sequences, it means that you must first be in possession of a currency of trade, use it to buy a certain amount of another currency, wait for the second currency to gain in value over the first currency held, then re-exchange the 2nd currency for the first one, getting more of the first currency in the process.
In online forex trading, this process is performed using certain technology such as trading platforms, is highly automated and occurs very fast. The process is a mirror of what goes on in the offline currency exchange market. It is also done on a much larger scale, as this process includes all players in this market on a global scale.

Why Learn to Trade Forex?

Life is a journey and so are the many aspects of our lives including careers. Therefore, learning to trade Forex is a journey on itself that requires traders to take specific steps before finally launching their activity online. You cannot just wake and decide that today you are going to start trading online.
In order to success in online trading, traders must have a plan which involves establishing an entry strategy, a trading strategy, withdrawal/reinvestment strategy, huge loss impact recovery strategy and most importantly, an exit strategy. As such, this implies the importance of learning to trade because traders must learn how to derive the strategies that suit them both personally and financially.

How to Begin Trading Forex:

So what does a beginner who may have some faint idea as to how currencies are exchanged with a local Bureau de Change operator, have to know about the way the online spot forex market operates?

Fixed vs Floating Currencies

A currency is said to “float” when its value is determined by forces of demand and supply for it. Change in value of a currency is what makes forex trading, and is a continuous process which occurs minute by minute, and second by second when the market is very active. You cannot make any money if the value of a currency is static, such as is the case with fixed currencies. Some governments either fix a set value for their currencies, or restrict its movements to a tight band.
Various factors cause traders to have demand for a currency, or cause them to jettison it for others. Many of these factors are listed in the forex news calendar and form the basis of news trades. The relationship between these factors and the change in value of currencies is complex and demands careful study from the beginner trader. Indeed, a beginner in forex should ideally not trade the news until these complex relationships are understood and mastered.

Forex Trading Hours

The forex market is a 24-hour market. This is because there are three major trading hubs which do most trading activity over an 8 to 10 hour period. There are periods when the trading activity in at least two hubs will overlap, producing the periods of maximum market volatility. A situation where we have one zone opening for business in a day (Tokyo and Sydney- Asian session), followed by the London session (European market) and finally the New York session, gives an almost continuous state of forex trading activity over a 24-hour period, commencing on Sunday 9pm GMT and ending on Friday 9pm GMT.

Currency Pricing and Pairing

Currencies are traded in pairs and have two sets of prices. There is a bid price, and the ask price. So a typical quote for the Euro against the US Dollar will be displayed as follows:
EUR/USD = 1.0345/1.0347
In this example, the currency pair is EUR/USD, the bid price is 1.0345 and the ask price is the 1.0347.

Market Access

Access to the forex market is obtained through a forex trading account. Apart from a brokerage account, there are other requirements the trader must fulfill:


10 things you MUST know before you register domain with anyone

The following article was a piece we originally wrote for a marketing page we put up at — but we found that a lot of our customers wanted us to keep a copy right here on the website because they were constantly referring their friends and colleagues to it.

Suffice it to say,easyDNS does not engage in any of the tactics described below, but they are widely used across the industry.

General practice tricks

1. “Transfer-out” fees
Buried in the fine print of a registrars’ “Terms of Service” will be a hidden fee authorizing them to charge your credit card a “transfer-out” fee if you move your domain to another registrar. Often times, this transfer-out fee is 2 or 3 times the cost of the original registration.
This practice violates the ICANN policy on domain transfers. In most cases if this happens to you a simple call to your credit card company will have the charge reversed, if you notice. Registrars who use this practice play the numbers game as many will not.

2. The fine print from hell
Most people (read: nobody) actually reads the long, odious Terms of Service for anything they buy online. Some registrars bury truly chilling things in these terms like the aforementioned “transfer-out” fees and in one mind-boggling case a “power-of-attorney”.

3. “Pay-as-you-go”
This is where you make a multi-year interest-free loan to the registrar. It works like this: You register a domain with them for example, 5 years (perhaps to obtain a discounted rate), you expect your domain name to be registered for 5 years. Think again, some registrars will pay the registry for 1 year and pocket the rest of your money.
Then for the rest of your five year term they’ll renew each year for one year. Usually this is coupled with a strict “no-refunds” policy, so an odd situation occurs: they stand to make more money from your original registration if they lose you as a customer before your full 5 years are up, so providing poor service to the point where you leave actually adds to their bottom line.
You can use a Free whois lookup tool like EasyWhois to verify the real expiration date for your domain. It should match up with the number of years you paid your registrar for.
Whois database scams

4. Whois edit fees and locks
Every time you register a domain name, the details of that domain registration must be published in a publicly accessible database called Whois.
One of the functions a registrar is supposed to be providing to you is the ability to change those whois records. Some registrars (especially the bargain basement outfits) register your domain for a dirt-cheap price and then ding you with an “administration fee” when you want to edit your Whois record.
Some others may also “lockdown” your domain for 60 days everytime you make an edit to your record, preventing you from moving the name out to another registrar.

5. Premium whois privacy services
Because your domain record is public for all to see, some registrars want to upsell you to “privacy services” or “whois masking”, “private registration”, where they put their own info in the whois record instead of yours.
The important thing to know here is that in the eyes of the domain Registry to which all the Registrars interact, and the Registry’s oversight body (like ICANN, or in Canada, CIRA), whoever is listed in the domain whois record as the domain Registrant is the legal owner of the domain name. Keep that in mind, if you use a service like this, they own the domain, not you, notwithstanding whatever contract or Terms of Service you enter into with them to “own” this name on your behalf. If it lands in a dispute proceeding it will be an open and shut case: they own the name.
Taking it one step further, some “privacy” services will get you to sign up for the whois privacy service and then they turn around and happily offer to sell your true data to anybody else who cares to pay for it.

6. Mining whois and domain slamming
Because all the data is there for the taking, spammers and marketers “mine” the whois database and harvest registrant data including addresses, fax numbers and email addresses. This is a real problem, and there have been very slow moving Whois database reform processes creeping through ICANN as well as CIRA in Canada.
In the meantime though, people may wonder why is it that shortly after they register a domain name, they start getting all kinds of marketing spam in their mailbox. This is because their email address is being harvested by robots from the Whois database. There is a free service to protect your email address called
The variation on this is some registrars (and there is one outfit who is particularly notorious for this) which is mining the whois database for registrant information, and then mailing out what look like renewal invoices for either those domain names or variations of them.
Unsuspecting recipients think they’ve received a renewal invoice on their domain and then remit payment, initiating a domain transfer without realizing it. Surprise, you’ve been slammed. In the worst cases your website and email comes crashing down as your DNS services terminate with your old provider.
Domain lock-in (a.k.a You can check out anytime you like, but you can never leave.

7. The registrar-lock
There has historically been a real problem with “domain slamming” (see above) and unauthorized domain transfers, so the “registrar-lock” was created to protect a domain against this. If the registrar lock is set, nobody can transfer your domain away from you. This is actually a good thing and best practices include having this set for all your domains. The sharper registrars enable it by default when they register or transfer a domain for you.
Alas, this lock can become a real problem for you if it is turned on and the registrar will not turn it off, or give you the ability to turn it on or off yourself.

8. The domain auth-code
Some of the Top-Level-Domains (TLDs) run on a protocol called “EPP” and to further guard against unauthorized transfers, a domain must have an 8-character auth-code supplied before it will transfer. Current examples are .BIZ, .INFO and .ORG. The current or “losing” registrar holds this code. You need it if you want to move your domain away. Hopefully they will give it to you.
Traffic and monetization scams

9. Domain parking
You may not know this, but domain parking is big business. You know, when you click on a link somewhere or make a typo entering a web address and you wind up on some crapola “search page” optionally throwing up a million pop-up ads? That is a parked domain and the larger players can park thousands of domains and make literally millions of dollars “monetizing” them via domain parking.
You know who has access to thousands of domains? Domain registrars. Some of them offer domain registrations and rock bottom prices just so they can monetize the parked names. This may not bother you, but some people don’t realize they’re paying for something their registrar then uses to generate more revenue for themselves.
(Update: since the time of writing one registrar in particular rolled out a “Make money from your domains’ parked pages” initiative, which surprised me since I knew them to be one of the biggest parked page monetizers around — they make millions per month monetizing their customers’ parked domains — until I looked at the details: Packages start at 3.99/month. They are actuallycharging their customers for domain parking monetization. What audacity. If you actually have a domain that’s actually worth something parked, take it to a parking service. They pay you to park your pages. Not the other way around).

10. “Free” URL Forwarding
Some people may wonder why the price ranges vary so much for domain registrations and what the difference is between somebody who offers everything but the kicthen sink for $2/year while others charge more than 10 times that much for basic DNS and URL forwarding.
Well the low cost one often has other tricks up their sleeve for making money, either by adding your domain to their parked pool (above) or in this case, they offer “free” URL forwarding for your domain, and then sell pop-up or pop-under advertisements on your domain. You know, those things people like so much.

There are many gotcha’s in the arcane and Kafkaesque world of domain name registrations. There is no free lunch, the rock bottom priced domain registrar has other plans to boost their revenues and at the end of the day a good rule of thumb is….
Go with an ethical registrar

So if you want to register your domain with a registrar who doesn’t play any of these games, a domain registrar who:

Then you want to be dealing with easyDNS

Recovering from a RAID Controller Failure

There are many reasons why a RAID goes down.  A technician will normally assume that one or more of the drives have failed.  This is a common diagnosis as the diagnostic lights on each of the drives may be blinking, the lights may have gone amber, or in some cases the drive may not be spinning up at all.  All of these surface indicators would surely lead the most seasoned technician to assume that the drives have either failed or are definitely on their way out.  There is another reason why all these things would happen, and that would be a RAID controller failure.  The challenge is to diagnose the problem with a damaged controller.  Using a damaged controller to make a diagnosis is the same as having a sick doctor diagnose his own health problems. Some technicians will try and replace the controller and hope the configuration will reload from the drives and the RAID will mount.  DTI Data has made a very good living on technicians that swap controllers and cross their fingers in hopes that the RAID will come up.  There are so many problems with this method of trying to bring the RAID online that they are too numerous to mention.

What needs to be done is to separate the primary component of the RAID which is the hard drive from the controller in order to make a legitimate diagnosis. The following are some methods you can use that are isolated from a damaged RAID controller that will help you recover the data of your client.

First of all check the drives to make sure they are electronically sound. If you have SCSI drives use an Adaptec SCSI controller.  Perhaps an Adaptec 2930 would suit your needs.  They are inexpensive and have been around for a bit so all of the firmware bugs are worked out.  Put the SCSI card in a reliable computer and mount each drive individually. If the drives are SATA, or PATA use a standard interface port to mount the drives.

If the drive shows up in the ‘Disk Manager’  item of the ‘Computer Management’  then it is a pretty safe assumption that the interface is intact and you have some I/O between the drive and the controller. In addition to this DTI Data has a free surface scanner that will allow you to look at each drive and map any bad sectors on the drive.  If two or more drives come up having bad sectors then that could be the reason why the RAID went down.  RAID controllers are very sensitive to more than one drive exhibiting bad sectors or slow reads.  A RAID 5 controllers’ firmware may be fault tolerant, but when two drives have bad sectors the controller will degrade the array and bring it offline.

If, however, there are not any bad sectors on any of the drives then that is normally a controller problem.  You may have received a power spike, or some kind of memory fault but the fact of the matter is that barring those kinds of things the raid controller failed and will not mount your array.

In addition to doing a surface scan to verify if in fact you have had a raid controller failure you can check the integrity of the raid.  In a raid 5, the controller will do a set of mathematical operations on the data in order to be able to reverse engineer the data if a drive drops out of the array. These XOR math functions are used to do a rebuild on the array and take a degraded raid 5 hard drive and build it.  The drive will have to be replaced before the build but a raid 5 controller has the ability to integrate a brand new drive back into the array.

I bring up the raid 5 mathematics, because in order for the array to have a ‘clean bill of health’ the parity integrity must be intact.  If a raid card does not detect the fact that a drive has dropped out of the array then the drive will become stale.  A raid 5 will continue to function even if one drive is out of the array; however the raid card should notify the technician that the array has been degraded and the drive should be replaced and a rebuild performed.

DTI Data has a free diagnostic tool for raid 5 and will allow you to see if in fact there is a stale drive in the array.  I wrote a blog on how to detect a stale drive in the array and hopefully this will help you diagnose drive array controller failure.  If in fact the software finds a stale drive and the raid controller did not indicate that then the only way to recover the data is to create a virtual raid 5 array offline using software and images created from the raid 5 drives.

In order to create the images DTI Data has an inexpensive solution on our web site.  The software was designed and written with the technician imaging multiple drives to a single drive.  It is as easy as mounting the drives, selecting the source drives, the destination drive and then just walking away.  The software will not only image the drives but it will map all the bad sectors its finds and generate a comprehensive report.

These are just a few things that you can do to detect a raid controller failure.  DTI Data offers a set of comprehensive tools that will check all aspects of the raid 5 hard drive.  These tools are all on our website and will hopefully be an addition to your tool set.

If you need RAID Data Recovery Call Toll Free 1-866-438-6932 ext. 203 or direct 1-727-345-9665 ext. 203 to speak with a qualified RAID engineer now!

Futuristic architecture – Characteristics you need to Know

Futuristic architecture was an art movement of the early twentieth century who rejected the traditional aesthetics and tried to glorify contemporary life, based on two key issues: the machine and motion. Its purpose was to awaken the world of cultural apathy that was sunk from the late eighteenth century, attacked the museums and academies, the worship of ancient art and all the other times.
Futurism called for the establishment of a new artistic concept based on speed, they understood as a fundamental feature of modern life.

The members of the Futurist Movement in architecture had a utopian project,  supported by the New Town, where the measure would not be given for the building, but the urban structure, relying on the new architectural typologies, such as train stations and airports, power electrical, tiered houses with elevators.  They thought a new vertical and mechanical world, which would be connected through networks of iron and glass elevators.

Characteristics of Futurist architecture:

  1. Futuristic Architecture  is the architecture of calculation, of reckless daring and simplicity, the architecture of reinforced concrete, iron, glass,cardboard, textile fiber and all substitutes for wood, stone and brick, allowing maximum flexibility and lightness.
  2. The oblique lines and elliptic lines are dynamic, which by their very nature have an expressive power a thousand times higher than the horizontal and perpendicular.
  3. The decoration, as something superimposed on architecture is absurd, and only use the original provision and the raw materialor seen or violently colored depends the decorative value of Futurist architecture.
  4. As the ancients drew inspiration for his art, the elements of nature, Futurist architecture must find that inspiration in the elements of brand new mechanical world was created.
  5. The distributed architecture and art forms of the building saccording to criteria is finished.
  6. Architecture must understand the effort to harmonize with freedom and great audacity environment and man, that is, make the world of things in a direct projection of the spirit world.
  7. The fundamental characteristics of Futurist architecture willlapse and transience.  The houses will last less than us. Each generation should be made from their city. This constant renewal of the built environment contribute to the victory of Futurism which already imposes the words freedom, plastic dynamism, music without quadrature and the art of noise, and we fought relentlessly against the cowardly extension of the past .

Representatives of Futurist Architecture:
Antonio Sant’Elia, Cesar Pelli, Santiago Calatrava, Archigram, Louis Armet, Welton Becket, Arthur Erickson, Future Systems, Zaha Hadid, John Lautner, Oscar Niemeyer among others.